Characteristics of different types of skin

The external layer of our body is referred to as the skin. As we age, our skin tends to become thinner and gets damaged more easily. This effect is further intensified as the ability of the skin to heal and repair itself decreases with age. With proper care and a few timely measures, we can avoid damage done to the skin over time to quite an extent. The first step into this process will be identifying your skin type and determining what works best for you accordingly. Normal skin If you are fortunate enough to have a soft, supple, rosy complexioned, and fine-pored skin chances are that your skin falls under this particular category. However, to maintain its healthy appearance, even normal skin needs a certain amount of protection and moisture. A few characteristics of this skin type are:

  • Fine-pored
  • Soft
  • Rosy complexion
  • Elastic
  • Well circulated

Dry skin If your skin looks flaky and dry, chances are high that your skin might fall under this category. Dry skin lacks lipids and moisture. Therefore, it is less elastic and feels tighter, which can lead to itching and the skin becoming sore over time. This skin type is particularly susceptible to environmental influences like sunlight or wind. It is of utmost importance that people with dry skin protect it with sunscreen and appropriate clothing like hats and loose clothes. Moisturizing your skin on a regular basis is more like a compulsion in this case. A few characteristics of dry skin are as follows:

  • Extremely tight
  • Tends to itch
  • Rough and flaky in appearance
  • Reacts quickly to external conditions like temperature

Oily skin Oily skin is a result of both hormonal changes and genetic factors experienced in an individual’s lifetime. Those with a genetic susceptibility to active oil glands produce a higher amount of an oily substance, which is called sebum, to help keep the skin soft and hydrated. This oil flows from inside the epidermis to the surface of the skin through pores and hair follicles but when an excess of it is produced, it can result in the expansion of the pores present in the skin and cause blockages that becomes pimples and other acne blemishes. A few characteristics of oily skin are as follows:

  • More prone to acne breakouts
  • May feature a plethora of papules, blackheads, and whiteheads
  • The skin might appear greasy throughout the day
  • Excessive pores on the skin

Combination skin Combination skin tends to have two skin types across the face, i.e., oily skin around the T-zones and normal to dry skin around the chin and cheeks. It tends to shine and form blemishes specifically in the oily T-zones. As you will have to look after all the areas of the face, this skin type can make your skincare routine more arduous. A few characteristics of combination skin are:

  • Dry and flaky skin on some portions of the face whereas oily on others
  • T-zones have more active oil glands
  • Skin susceptible to irritation

With insight into what works right for you and the proper knowledge of your own skin, there’s nothing that’s going to stop you from having flawless glowing skin.